Periodontitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in the mouth and if not treated properly may lead to tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds teeth.
It is possible to have periodontal disease without apparent symptoms.
Some research suggest Periodontal disease may be passed between couples and from parents to children through saliva.
Signs of Gum Disease are:
• Bleeding gums
• Red, swollen gums
• Pus between teeth and gums
• Loose or separating gums
• Bad breath or bad taste in mouth
• Change of position of teeth and loose teeth
What causes Periodontal Disease?
Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. Our mouth is filled with a great number of bacteria. When certain bacteria in plaque produce toxins that can lead to gum inflammation and that inflammation can damage the gum and bone attachment to the tooth. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease.
• Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, make gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.
• Illnesses may affect the condition of gums. This includes diseases such as cancer or HIV.
• Medications can affect oral health, because some lessen the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums.
• Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing on a make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
• Bad habits such as smoking make it harder for gum tissue to repair itself.
Factors that increase the risk of Periodontal Disease:
• Smoking and chewing tobacco
• Certain medications such as cancer therapy drugs and steroids
• Systemic diseases such as diabetes and HIV infections
• Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, puberty and oral contraceptives
How can Periodontal disease be prevented?
Good oral hygiene practice can help reduce the chances of periodontal disease.
• Brush twice a day with a fluoridated toothpaste
• Flossing twice a day
• Drinking lots of water
• Eating a balance diet
• Regular dental visits
• Know your risk. Age, smoking, diet and genetics can all increase your risk for periodontal disease. If you are at increased risk, be sure to talk with your dental professional.
Dr. Arezu Zara Akhavan
General Dentist at HealthBay Dental Clinic
Address: HealthBay Polyclinic, Al Wasl Road, Dubai
Telephone No: 800 HBPC (4272)